Graphs

Types

Bar
Pie
Line
Chart
Graphs

Pie
Bar
Doughnut
Polar
Radar
Line
Key for this page

! = a little

!! = significant amount

!!! = dramatic amount

Otherwise, rates / amounts are not specific

Describing Upwards change

*Usual

to go up
to increase / an increase
to rise / a rise
to grow / a growth

** Quite common

to improve / an improvement
to get better
to recover / a recovery
To take off / a take off !!!
Shot up !!!
Climbed / a climb

*** Rare
to creep !
to soar (remained high)
to rocket!!!

Describing Downwards change

*Usual
to go down
to decline
to decrease / a decrease
to fall / a fall !!
to drop / a drop !!

**Quite common
to deteriorate / a deterioration
to get worse
to worsen / a worsening
to slump / a slump (falling for a long time)
To crash / a crash !!!
to slide / a slide

***Rare
to collapse / a collapse !!!
to plummet / a plummet !!!
to plunge !!!
to dive !!!
to stagnate (remained low)

Other
to remain stable
to flatten out
to hold steady
to level out
to reach a peak
to peak / a peak
to fluctuate / a fluctuation
to bottom out
to reach a low point
to hit a low / a low
to rally
to dip / a dip
to bounce back
Negative growth

Future

The outlook seems …
The period looks…
We predict
The forecast is
We’re optimistic that / about

Feelings

Disappointing
Elated
Happy / Happily
Sadly
Unfortunately
Positive
Depressing
Gloomy
Delighted

Speed of change

rapid -rapidly !!
steady -steadily
gradual -gradually !
slow – slowly

Degree of change

Sharp -sharply !!
Exponential -exponentially !!!
dramatic -dramatically !!!
significant -significantly !!
moderate -moderately !!
slight -slightly !
marked – markedly !!
Steep – steeply !!!
Substantial -ly !!
considerable -ly !!

Prepositions

to stand at
from…to…
by an increase of…
The rate of growth increased by 20%

Starting with £5
Sales increased to £10
There was an increase of £5 (total is £10)
Sales increased by £5 (total of £10)
… doubled (£10)
… tripled
… quadrupled

Other

Unexpectedly !!!
Suddenly !!!
As forecast
As suspected
As predicted

Time

Increased over the third quarter
Through the period (week month etc)
Continue
Through the quarter

Just under
Just over
Well under / over
Approximately
Around / about
Roughly

Test 1

Look at the following graph.

Adverbs: Slightly / dramatically/ rapidly / gradually

Adjectives: stable / huge/ slight / rapid

Verbs: Fall / rise / jump / shoot /

Nouns: a + fall/ drop /increase / rise /

Now complete the following sentences using the appropriate words:

Sales went up _____ in Month 01.

Sales _______ from 752K in Month 00 to _____ in Month 07.

Sales ________ (verb) _________ (adverb) from Monthly 01 to Month 06.

There was a ______ (adjective) _______ (noun) between Month 01 and Month 06.

Sales ______ (verb) _______(adverb) from Month 07 to Month 10.

Test 2

The number of arrows shows the degree of change required

Well Mary, sales are ____________ (not good), could you tell us why sales have __________ ↓ ? The board wants an explanation.

Sales ________ ↑↑ in January reaching a ________ (top limit) of 6,700 before __________ ↓↓ to 5,800 in just a week!

July was a _________ (not good not bad) month, with sales ____________ (going up and down) ___________ 5 and 6,000.

Our twitter followers __________ ↓↓↓ in August because of the outrage, _______ 2000 _______ 500!!!

I’m not sure about the data, it seems our reach ________ ↑ to _______ (unsure) 10.5K

We are quite __________ about the future, we __________ sales ____ approximately 200k