Future 2

What is it for? When should we not use it?

In part 2 we will look at plans

  1. Future vs Continuous action
  2. Plans
  3. Decisions I
  4. Decision II
  5. Opinions / Predictions
  6. Future Perfect

Planning

How do you ask someone about their plans for the weekend?

  1. What are your plans for this weekend?
  2. What will you do this weekend?
  3. What are you doing this weekend?

 

  1. is correct but not the most usual expression.
  2. is asking for a specific action in the future or for a decision to be made now.
  3. is the most usual question: we are asking about plans.

When we talk about plans, we use the present continuous.

(Subject) + (to be) + (ing verb form) + future time or context in the future.

I’m playing tennis at 5pm

I’m staying home, this weekend.

(You can swap the order of the clauses) This weekend, I’m staying at home.

I’m going to the cinema tonight

I’m having pizza for lunch

 

Note: events, films, trains, buses etc. are planned, they don’t usually make plans, so do not use present continuous.  People make plans, plans don’t make plans.

X: The train is leaving at six
O: the train leaves at six

X: The tournament is starting at ten am
O: The tournament starts at ten am

Note: buses etc follow a regular schedule, every day, every time, so, use the present simple, which expresses this.

Exercise (on parts 1 & 2)

NEXT

  1. Future vs Continuous action
  2. Plans
  3. Decisions I
  4. Decision II
  5. Opinions / Predictions
  6. Future Perfect

Credits / Sources:

Cambridge English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy
Cambridge CELTA

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